Oversight of Election Campaign and Political Party Financing

Front page / Political party funding

Political party funding

The task of the National Audit Office of Finland is to ensure that political parties, entities affiliated with political parties and the associations referred to in party subsidy decisions comply with the legal provisions on the subsidies laid down in the Act on Political Parties, on the disclosure of election campaign funding and expenses, and on the preparation and submission of the documents and information pertaining to the above subsidies and disclosures. The NAOF also oversees the use of the discretionary government grants received by political parties (party subsidies).

In addition to overseeing political party funding, the NAOF also publishes political party funding disclosures that it has received under the Act on Political Parties.

By promoting the transparency of political party funding, the NAOF helps to ensure that citizens are able to assess the ties of political parties.

Under the Act on Political Parties, the NAOF's oversight is targeted only at the overseen entities, which are as follows:

  • ‍registered parties
  • the associations referred to in the government subsidy decisions
  • entities affiliated with political parties.

‍The task of the NAOF is to ensure that all overseen entities submit the disclosures laid down in the law. The agency can audit the overseen entities’ accounting and their use of funds and, if necessary, remind them of their statutory obligations.

The NAOF can also request an overseen entity to fulfil its obligations on pain of a conditional fine. The conditional fine may only be imposed if the overseen entity has not, despite being requested by the NAOF to do so, submitted, corrected or supplemented the required documents or information or determined their correctness and completeness. The breach must also be substantial in terms of its overall importance. The conditional fine is imposed by the Sanction and Penalty Board referred to in section 15 of the Act on the National Audit Office (676/2000).

The National Audit Office submits a report to Parliament on the oversight of political party funding each year.

Additional information:

Registered parties (vaalit.fi)

Government subsidy decision (valtioneuvosto.fi)

Reports on the oversight of political party funding (vtv.fi)

Support for a political party or party association

All contributions to a political party or a party association in the form of money, goods, services or other support are regarded as support to that political party or party association.

Under the Act on Political Parties, a political party is a registered association entered in the Party Register, which is maintained by the Ministry of Justice. The political parties entered in the Party Register can be viewed on the vaalit.fi website of the Ministry of Justice.

Under the Act on Political Parties, a party association is an association that belongs to a political party or its member association and that meets the membership requirements of its parent organisation.

The types of support that a political party may receive are specified in the Act on Political Parties. The act contains provisions on which organisations can be accepted as donors and how much support a political party may receive from a single donor. Organisations that may not be accepted as donors are also specified in the act.

Affiliated entities and support given to affiliated entities

An entity affiliated with a political party is a corporation or a foundation or a fund of a corporation or a foundation that a political party has, with the consent of the corporation or foundation in question, reported to the NAOF as an entity affiliated with it. There is no upper limit to how much support an affiliated entity may give to a political party and a party association, which means that an affiliated entity may give a political party or a party association more than 30,000 euros during one calendar year.

Affiliated entities reported to NAOF

A total of 12 affiliated entities have been reported to the NAOF.

Kansallinen Kokoomus r.p.

  • Kansallisen Kokoomuspuolueen Säätiö sr
  • Kansallisen Kokoomuksen Kainuun Säätiö sr
  • Kansallissäätiö sr
  • Lillträskin Kurssikeskussäätiö sr
  • Pirkanmaan Kansallissäätiö sr
  • Snellman-Säätiö sr
  • Varsinais-Suomen Kansallissäätiö sr
  • Suomen Sosialidemokraattinen Puolue r.p.

Tikkurila Säätiö sr

  • Turun Työväensäätiö sr
  • Työväenlehdistön Kannatusyhdistys ry

Suomen Keskusta r.p.

  • Maaseudun Kukkasrahasto Säätiö sr

Svenska folkpartiet i Finland r.p.

  • Fonden för intressebevakning av det svenska i Finland

Publiced: 12.8.2010  Updated: 4.2.2021