Oversight of Election Campaign and Political Party Financing

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Disclosures filed under the Act on a Candidate's Election Funding

The National Audit Office supervises compliance with the disclosure obligation, which means that it:


  • verifies that all disclosers have filed the disclosures required under the Act on a Candidate's Election Funding
  • makes all funding disclosures received available to the public without delay and
  • if necessary, after examining the funding disclosures, urges a discloser to file a new disclosure, provide additional information to supplement the disclosure, or to provide information corroborating the accuracy and completeness of the disclosure.

The supervisory tasks laid down in the Act on Political Parties and the Act on a Candidate's Election Funding only apply to disclosers. The task of the National Audit Office is to ensure that all disclosers file the disclosures required under the law. In its capacity as the authority supervising election campaign funding, the National Audit Office submits a report to Parliament on its activities eight months after the confirmation of the general election results. Election-specific audit reports can be viewed on NAO's website.

Disclosers in different elections

Presidential elections: The political party nominating a candidate for the presidential elections and the polling representative of the constituency association nominating the candidate or the representative’s alternate.

Eduskuntavaalit: Kansanedustajaksi valittu ja vaalien tulosta vahvistettaessa varaedustajaksi määrätty.

Municipal elections: The candidates elected as council members and as alternate members.

Elections to the European Parliament: The candidates elected as members of the European Parliament and alternate members appointed upon confirmation of the election results.

Advance disclosure

A candidate may file an advance disclosure containing a plan for funding the election campaign and how the funds raised for the campaign will be spent. The advance disclosure must be filed before the election day but not before the compilation of the master list of candidates.

The advance disclosures of the candidates that were not elected or appointed as alternate members will remain available online for 30 days after the confirmation of the election result. After that, they will be automatically removed.

Election funding disclosure

The election funding disclosures must be filed by the candidates that have been elected and the alternate members appointed upon confirmation of the election results. The election funding disclosures must be filed with the National Audit Office within two months of the confirmation of the election result.

Report on outstanding loans and support for loan repayments

The obligation to report loans and support for loan repayments only applies to parliamentary elections and elections to the European Parliament. The report must be submitted during the loan period for each calendar year in the parliamentary term that the reporting obligation concerns.

A discloser that has outstanding election campaign loans must, in addition to the election funding disclosure, also provide details of the loan amount and the support received for repaying the loan if the support is worth at least 1,500 euros (report on outstanding loans and support for loan repayments). The reports must be submitted each calendar year during the parliamentary term.

Electronic disclosures

The disclosures can be filed electronically. Filing an electronic disclosure requires identification with personal banking codes or a certificate card. The identification is by means of the joint VETUMA service of the public administration (citizen’s identification and payment service).

Publiced: 12.8.2010  Updated: 4.5.2017